Frontiers of Earth Science publishes original, peer-reviewed, theoretical and experimental frontier research papers as well as significant review articles of more general interest to earth scientists. The journal features articles dealing with observations, patterns, processes, and modeling of both innerspheres (including deep crust, mantle, and core) and outerspheres (including atmosphere, hydrosphere, and biosphere) of the earth. Its aim is to promote communication and share knowledge among the international earth science communities. Thematic issues will periodically be published featuring particular areas of earth science. The scope of the journal covers a broad range of earth science topics, including, but not limited to, physical geography, geology, geophysics, meteorology, oceanography, climatology, ecology, biology, global change, hydrology, environmental pollution, biogeochemical cycles, natural resource management, ecosystems and sustainability, land use cover and change, environmental assessment and monitoring, remote sensing, instrumentation technology, data acquisition/processing/assimilation, algorithm development, application and modeling, as well as socioeconomic drivers and societal consequences of the changing planet and its environment. Critical reviews and discussions of recently published research papers are also encouraged.