Frontiers of Engineering Management

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石化行业非现场维护系统的开发与应用
瑞生 雍, 艳兵 叶, 汉宾 骆, 烈云 丁
Front. Eng    2017, 4 (2): 111-126.   https://doi.org/10.15302/J-FEM-2017027
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现场维护(ONSM)对于保障石化行业的设备安全至关重要,但是,由于设备不稳定、工作环境复杂以及人为错误,ONSM过程中发生事故较多。为减少现场作业中的拥挤和危险暴露,以降低事故发生的可能性,基于能量释放理论(ERT)提出了非现场维护(OFSM)模式。研究分析了OFSM的信息需求,开发了一个具有可视化、信息管理和定位功能的OFSM支持系统,并利用该支持系统进行了石油化工公司装油设施的案例研究。应用结果表明,OFSM系统的实施可以显著降低运营风险,提高运营效率。

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New Challenges, New Opportunities and New Measures for Oil and Gas Cooperation in the Belt and Road
Yu-pu Wang,He Liu
Front. Eng    2016, 3 (4): 301-313.   https://doi.org/10.15302/J-FEM-2016055
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First-mover advantage and solid foundation of oil and gas cooperation is very important to the Belt and Road Initiative. Deeply studied opportunities and challenges of oil and gas cooperation have far-reaching significance to the cooperation in other industries in the Belt and Road. In this article, based on the systematic analysis of the oil and gas supply security, investment environment, regional win-win situation in oil and gas cooperation, new opportunities and challenges about upstream, pipeline, refining, trade, warehousing, engineering technology and equipment are studied. Enhancing capacities in four areas and implementing the 16 measures are given for deepening oil and gas cooperation in the future. Meanwhile, this article also gives suggestions and cooperation directions for countries and companies.

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Silk Roads for the 21st Century: Engineering Mega-Infrastructure for Development and Sustainability
Tony Marjoram
Front. Eng    2016, 3 (3): 187-196.   https://doi.org/10.15302/J-FEM-2016038
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Infrastructure facilitates the movement of people, the production and distribution of goods and services, and underpins development. Infrastructure is expensive and long-lasting, and needs long-term policy, planning and management, in terms of design, construction, operation and maintenance. Infrastructure relates particularly to engineering and technology. All technological change brings economic, social, cultural and environmental change, planned and unpredicted. Mega levels of technology bring mega levels of change, effects and impacts. Mega infrastructure such as the Silk Road Economic Belt and 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, the “One Belt, One Road” (OBOR) initiative, announced by President Xi Jinping in 2013, will require equally mega policy, planning and management. This paper will discuss policy, planning and management issues relating to mega infrastructure and the OBOR initiative, with particular reference to energy, communications, transportation, health, emergency preparedness and response, and less predictable areas of change, for example in disease prevention and control, within the overall need for economic, environmental and ecological sustainability. The paper will discuss associated needs for education, training and capacity building in engineering. The paper will also refer to lessons learnt from the original Silk Road in the context of the development of civilizations and intercultural dialogue through the transfer of goods, services, technologies, ideas, knowledge, customs, cultures and philosophies, less predictable and unwanted transfers, for example of disease, and the need for awareness, policy, planning and management of such wider issues.

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Synergetic Management Theory for Coal-Based Energy Engineering and the Engineering Practice of Shenhua
Wen Ling
Front. Eng    2016, 3 (1): 1-8.   https://doi.org/10.15302/J-FEM-2016005
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To deal with problems in synergetic development of coal-based energy engineering, this paper, guided by the philosophy of engineering, proposes the synergetic management philosophy of “factors coordination, systems synergy, dynamic optimization and three-dimension planning.” The paper also establishes the synergetic management system characterized by systems factor synergy, resource-environment synergy and systems boundary extension and supported by the “two-wheel driven” management innovation and technological innovation. In addition, the paper presents a multi-objective dynamic optimization model for energy engineering, designed based on Shenhua’s own engineering practice, to analyze Pareto optimal solution in three scenarios: best resource allocation, minimal environmental impact and maximal value creation. This provides important reference to synergetic development strategies and decision-making in engineering management.

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Innovation Ecosystem for Green Smart City Building in China
Jin Chen
Front. Eng    2015, 2 (4): 325-330.   https://doi.org/10.15302/J-FEM-2015058
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Green Smart City (GSC), is one of the new types of cities which integrates eco-concepts and information technologies. As GSC construction is a resource intensive process, it requires a large amount of knowledge, information, talent and capital. Thus, setting up an innovation ecosystem is an astute way to promote the construction of a GSC. This paper, based on the case study by the Insigma Group, tries to explore the rules of innovation ecosystem building for the construction of GSCs in China.

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Understanding Farmers’ Perceptions and Risk Responses to Climate Change in China
Yang-jie Wang,Xiao-hong Chen
Front. Eng    2015, 2 (3): 201-210.   https://doi.org/10.15302/J-FEM-2015050
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Agriculture is likely to bear the brunt of the impacts of climate change. The extent to which these impacts are felt depends in large part on the extent of adaptation in response to climate change. The overall aim of this paper is to attempt to identify farmers’ knowledge, perceptions and risk responses towards climate change (or potential change). In order to achieve this goal, several specific objectives are pursued. First, the paper investigates whether or not farmers have perceived the long-term climate change and extreme weather events. Second, the paper describes how farmers respond to climate change and tries to assess the determinants of their adaptation. Based on data collected from a survey among farm households in three provinces in rural China, the findings demonstrate that farmers are aware of climate variability and identify the rising temperature, decreasing precipitation and the increasing frequency of drought. Only about 25% of farmers are willing to adjust their farming structures as a risk reaction. Household size, wealth, farm size, and the number of plots are found to be important factors that influence farmer adaptive capacity. Implications for policymaking on agriculture and adaptation to climate change will be to focus on providing farmers with information about the climate in time and facilitating enhancement of their adaptive capacity.

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