Frontiers of Engineering Management

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The outlook of blockchain technology for construction engineering management
Jun WANG, Peng WU, Xiangyu WANG, Wenchi SHOU
Front. Eng.  2017, 4 (1): 67-75.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (453KB)

Current construction engineering management suffers numerous challenges in terms of the trust, information sharing, and process automation. Blockchain which is a decentralised transaction and data management technology, has attracted increasing interests from both academic and industrial aspects since 2008. However, most of the existing research and practices are focused on the blockchain itself (i.e. technical challenges and limitations) or its applications in the finance service sector (i.e. Bitcoin). This paper aims to investigate the potential of applying blockchain technology in the construction sector. Three types of blockchain-enabled applications are proposed to improve the current processes of contract management, supply chain management, and equipment leasing, respectively. Challenges of blockchain implementation are also discussed in this paper.

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What should be done for the “second half” of China’s urbanization?
Chunfei WU, Xiaojiang LI, Pengfei LI
Front. Eng.  2018, 5 (2): 276-277.
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Research Trends in Information Technology Applications in Construction Safety Engineering and Management
Mirosɬaw J. Skibniewski
Front. Eng.  2014, 1 (3): 246-259.
Abstract   PDF (1580KB)

Through analysis of articles published from 2000 to March 2014 in Automaton in Construction (AUTCON), an international research journal published by Elsevier, this paper summarizes the topics of research and the institutions worldwide where research was conducted in construction safety engineering and management. Seventy-one articles published during this time focused on Information Technology (IT) applications in this field were selected for analysis. The underlying research topics and their related IT implementations are discussed, and research trends in allied specialties are identified.

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Engineering management for high-end equipment intelligent manufacturing
Shanlin YANG, Jianmin WANG, Leyuan SHI, Yuejin TAN, Fei QIAO
Front. Eng.  2018, 5 (4): 420-450.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (2002KB)

The high-end equipment intelligent manufacturing (HEIM) industry is of strategic importance to national and economic security. Engineering management (EM) for HEIM is a complex, innovative process that integrates natural science, technology, management science, social science, and the human spirit. New-generation information technology (IT), including the internet, cloud computing, big data, and artificial intelligence, have made a remarkable influence on HEIM and its engineering management activities, such as product system construction, product life cycle management, manufacturing resources organization, manufacturing model innovation, and reconstruction of the enterprise ecosystem. Engineering management for HEIM is a key topic at the frontier of international academic research. This study systematically reviews the current research on issues pertaining to engineering management for HEIM under the new-generation IT environment. These issues include cross-lifecycle management, network collaboration management, task integration management of innovative development, operation optimization of smart factories, quality and reliability management, information management, and intelligent decision making. The challenges presented by these issues and potential research opportunities are also summarized and discussed.

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Research and Practice of Meta-synthesis Management for the Government-led Urban Complex Construction Project
Ru-gui Chen,Jia-meng Chen
Front. Eng.  2014, 1 (1): 52-61.
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This paper researches the overall construction target of government-led urban complex construction projects based on the perspective of sustainable urban development.In order to achieve benefit maximization, the meta-synthesis management for the government-led urban complex construction project is studied.In order to combine theory and practice, several typical government-led urban complex construction project cases, such as Guangzhou Higher Education Mega Center and Guangzhou International Financial City etc. areexamined. These examples point to thefeasibility of government-led meta-synthesis management and demonstrate the benefits that can be achieved through this model.

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Overview and problems of BIM implementation in Japan
Front. Eng.  2017, 4 (2): 146-155.
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This paper aims to overview Building Information Modeling (BIM) implementation and problems of BIM implementation in Japan. First, BIM implementation guidelines and pilot projects are introduced. Then, some popular BIM software together with typical implementation cases are provided. BIM implementation in Japan is not always encouraged via a top-down consensus in architectural firms and general contractors, as the client and architects can reduce the project risk inherent in design and drawings by transferring these tasks to a general contractor. The paper finally discusses the problems in project management to present a strategy to develop a new version of BIM that will provide value to all of the stakeholders of a project.

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From Green to Sustainability—Trends in the Assessment Methods of Green Buildings
Steve Hsueh-Ming Wang,Paula Williams,Jing Shi,Huojun Yang
Front. Eng.  2015, 2 (2): 114-121.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (441KB)

This research investigates recent developments in assessment methods of green buildings and compares the differences in rating systems among the United Kingdom, USA, and Germany. There are indications that the rating systems are moving from green buildings to sustainable buildings. In order to understand the recent research in academic areas, we survey the recent Ph.D. dissertations and literature related to green building assessment. Discussion is provided on the major research areas of green buildings, which cover accountability of life cycle cost, methodology for balancing the three pillars, and government vision and public policy.

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A review of metro construction in China: Organization, market, cost, safety and schedule
Lieyun DING, Jie XU
Front. Eng.  2017, 4 (1): 4-19.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (942KB)

China is now in an era of large-scale metro construction. This paper reviews the nature of Chinese metro engineering with a specific focus on its organization and market mode, cost structure, safety control and schedule management. Then, an examination on recent research in metro engineering of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) is also conducted, which indicates that information and automation based technologies are increasingly used in practice.

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Yesterday, Today and Future of the Engineering Management Body of Knowledge
Hiral Shah,Walter Nowocin
Front. Eng.  2015, 2 (1): 60-63.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (63KB)

Young engineers are often promoted to leadership roles such as a team leader or a manager within 3 to 6 years of graduating from an undergraduate degree in a technical area. To be competent and successful in their leadership role engineers need to update their engineering management knowledge and learn new skills. The purpose of engineering management body of knowledge (EMBOK) is to delineate the knowledge, skills, and competency areas that are applicable to the engineering management discipline. It basically answers the question, “What does it take to be an effective engineering manager?” The EMBOK is based on a validated study and can be used for curriculum development, certification exams, and professional development programs. This paper describes the 11 domains that are included in the EMBOK and discuss the future publication of the EMBOK Guide. American Society for Engineering Management (ASEM) offers two certification exams based on the EMBOK, Associate Engineering Manager (AEM) and Professional Engineering Manager (PEM).These certification exams can help an individual in the engineering management profession to show that they have kept up in the field and possess the necessary skills and competency to practice in the discipline. A detailed description of this certification program is included in this paper. The future of EMBOK and the certification program is also discussed.

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Online gasoline blending with EPA Complex Model for predicting emissions
Stefan JANAQI, Mériam CHÈBRE, Guillaume PITOLLAT
Front. Eng.  2018, 5 (2): 214-226.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (169KB)

The empirical Complex Model developed by the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) is used by refiners to predict the toxic emissions of reformulated gasoline with respect to gasoline properties. The difficulty in implementing this model in the blending process stems from the implicit definition of Complex Model through a series of disjunctions assembled by the EPA in the form of spreadsheets. A major breakthrough in the refinery-based Complex Model implementation occurred in 2008 and 2010 through the use of generalized disjunctive and mixed-integer nonlinear programming (MINLP). Nevertheless, the execution time of these MINLP models remains prohibitively long to control emissions with our online gasoline blender. The first objective of this study is to present a new model that decreases the execution time of our online controller. The second objective is to consider toxic thresholds as hard constraints to be verified and search for blends that verify them. Our approach introduces a new way to write the Complex Model without any binary or integer variables. Sigmoid functions are used herein to approximate step functions until the measurement precision for each blend property is reached. By knowing this level of precision, we are able to propose an extremely good and differentiable approximation of the Complex Model. Next, a differentiable objective function is introduced to penalize emission values higher than the threshold emissions. Our optimization module has been implemented and tested with real data. The execution time never exceeded 1 s, which allows the online regulation of emissions the same way as other traditional properties of blended gasoline.

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Connecting the Belt and Road through sea-rail collaboration
Chenhao ZHOU, Haobin LI, Wencheng WANG, Loo Hay LEE, Ek Peng CHEW
Front. Eng.  2017, 4 (3): 315-324.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (890KB)

As part of China’s “the Belt and Road” strategy, China Railway Express provides alternative shipping routes and transportation modes from Asia to Europe and creates new opportunities for intermodal transportation in the shipping industry. A time–distance-based cost (time cost) function was proposed to compare China Railway Express with traditional transportation modes. Time cost was related to different types of cargoes, which exhibit distinct sensitivity to time. Using the proposed cost function as basis, we identified the cost indifference area where total costs are equal. Further analysis was performed for selecting the transportation mode and supply area for a specific cargo. This study provides various parties, such as business owners, the government, and the shipping industry, with many valuable insights.

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Energy-saving operation approaches for urban rail transit systems
Ziyou GAO, Lixing YANG
Front. Eng.  2019, 6 (2): 139-151.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (1073KB)

With the accelerated urbanization in China, passenger demand has dramatically increased in large cities, and traffic congestion has become serious in recent years. Developing public urban rail transit systems is an indispensable approach to overcome these problems. However, the high energy consumption of daily operations is an emerging issue due to increased rail transit networks and passenger demands. Thus, reducing the energy consumption and operational cost by using advanced optimization methodologies is an urgent task for operation managers. This work systematically introduces energy-saving approaches for urban rail transit systems in three aspects, namely, train speed profile optimization, utilization of regenerative energy, and integrated optimization of train timetable and speed profile. Future research directions in this field are also proposed to meet increasing passenger demands and network-based urban rail transit systems.

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Sliding window games for cooperative building temperature control using a distributed learning method
Zhaohui ZHANG, Ruilong DENG, Tao YUAN, S. Joe QIN
Front. Eng.  2017, 4 (3): 304-314.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (582KB)

In practice, an energy consumer often consists of a set of residential or commercial buildings, with individual units that are expected to cooperate to achieve overall optimization under modern electricity operations, such as time-of-use price. Global utility is decomposed to the payoff of each player, and each game is played over a prediction horizon through the design of a series of sliding window games by treating each building as a player. During the games, a distributed learning algorithm based on game theory is proposed such that each building learns to play a part of the global optimum through state transition. The proposed scheme is applied to a case study of three buildings to demonstrate its effectiveness.

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Process safety management considerations for biofuel production
Hao WU, Igor PEÑARRUBIA, Lin CUI, Jinsong ZHAO
Front. Eng.  2017, 4 (3): 357-367.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (686KB)

The global production of bio-based chemical products, particularly biofuel products, has tremendously increased over the last decade. Driven largely by a new legislation, this increase has generated the commercialization of new products and processes. Unfortunately, alongside these developments were a significant number of accidents and explosions at biofuel facilities, entailing property damage, injury, and even deaths. The aim of this current study is to draw attention to incidents that occurred in biofuel facilities and clarify the misconceptions that cause people to ignore safety in bio-refineries. A process hazard analysis (PHA) method, namely the hazard and operability study (HAZOP), is first used in biofuel production. This method is an ethanol distillation and dehydration process. Through the HAZOP analysis, 36 recommended action items are proposed, and all recommendations are accepted. The case study reveals that potential high-level risks exist in the current biofuel process design and operating procedures, and these risks can be better controlled if they can be previously identified.

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Situational Awareness in Construction and Facility Management
Burcu Akinci
Front. Eng.  2014, 1 (3): 283-289.
Abstract   PDF (491KB)

Engineers and managers involved in construction and facility/infrastructure operations need situational awareness about the as-is conditions when making daily decisions and developing short- and long-term plans. Yet, currently situational awareness of engineers is often challenged due to missing data and the available data not being in a format that is easily accessible and actionable. Advances in reality capture technologies, such as 3-dimensional (3D) imaging, in-situ sensing, equipment on-board instrumentation and electronic tagging, streamline the capturing of the as-is conditions on job sites. The data collected from these technologies, integrated with building information models depicting the as-planned conditions, can help in creating and storing the history of as-is conditions of a facility to support a variety of decisions that engineers and managers need to make. While the opportunities associated with integrating building information models and data capture technologies are compelling, several challenges need to be addressed through research for effective usage of these technologies. Such challenges include assessing the accuracy of the data collected at the field, developing and evaluating data processing and data fusion approaches, formalizing integrated representation of building information models and sensor and other relevant data, and investigating and developing approaches for analyzing and visualizing such integrated information models. This paper provides examples of recent research studies done at the Civil and Environmental Engineering Department at Carnegie Mellon University that demonstrate opportunities associated with integrating building information models and sensor information for facility operations.

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Comparative Analysis of the Solid Waste Emissions between the Industrialized and Traditional Residential Building
Wei Chen,Wen Zeng,Ming-de Tong,Jin Yan
Front. Eng.  2015, 2 (2): 188-192.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (204KB)

This paper aims at analyzing the solid waste emission issues between the industrialized and traditional residential building. The evaluation system of such rubble waste from construction and demolition (C&D waste), including evaluation index and model was proposed based on the “whole life cycle” comprehensive evaluation method. The?empirical?study was applied using a steel structure industrial type of construction, applied to a residential building and comparing against the traditional construction of such dwelling. The result shows that the industrial construction is an effective way to protect the environment.

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Technology Innovation and Practice of Green Exploitation Projects of Oil and Gas in the Western Sichuan Gas Field
Hong-yong Liu,Yi-qi Chen,Yi Yang
Front. Eng.  2015, 2 (1): 71-75.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (124KB)

The green (environmentally friendly) project of mining oil and gas in the Western Sichuan area is based on the green low-carbon development strategy of the China Petrochemical Corporation, and it commits to form a complete set of technological developments in oil and gas extraction processes. The project focuses on technology innovation in three aspects: reuse of fracturing flow back fluid, reuse of drilling fluid, and configuration of fracturing fluid and drilling fluid by formation water. A series of technology innovations not only realize the green low-carbon strategy of the enterprise, but also play an important role in lowering cost and improving efficiency. In addition, the technology achieves remarkable social and economic benefits and inspires the ideas for industry technology innovation.

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Mankind and Mega-projects
Naomi J. Brookes
Front. Eng.  2014, 1 (3): 241-245.
Abstract   PDF (276KB)

Throughout history mankind has sought to improve its economic and even its spiritual development through the creation of gargantuan and awe-inspiring infrastructure projects. The twenty-first century has seen the rapid growth of the use of this type of project in providing society’s needs: such projects are widely referred to as “mega-projects”. Mega-projects are extremely large-scale infrastructure projects typically costing more than $1 billion. Mega-projects include power-plant (conventional, nuclear or renewable), oil and gas extraction and processing projects and transport projects such as highways and tunnels, bridges, railways, seaports and even cultural events such as the Olympics. Mega-projects are united by their extreme complexity (both in technical and human terms) and by a long record of poor delivery. What to do in the face of this dilemma is a question that is still being asked by mega-project practitioners and academics alike.

This paper presents the unique work of the MEGAPROJECT COST Action which brings together a multi-disciplinary network of over 80 researchers from 24 countries to respond to this dilemma. Mega-project’s aim involves capturing the existing performance of large infrastructural mega-projects and understanding how their delivery can be improved. In order to do this, the investigation has gathered together the MEGAPROJECT Portfolio. The Portfolio contains meta-data on a wide range of mega-projects from across countries and sectors and acts as a firm empirical foundation for the investigation’s activities.

Having assembled the MEGAPROJECT Portfolio, this paper shows how analyzing the Portfolio shatters myths of mega-project management and identifies new areas of fruitful investigation. Mega-project’s findings downplay the importance of formal project management tools and techniques in insuring successful delivery. Instead mega-project highlights the need to concentrate on the impact of financing on project governance, the technical modularization of the project and the devastating roles that eternal stakeholders can have on mega-project delivery. Most importantly, it discusses how we can effectively learn across mega-projects in order to maximize their value to their stakeholders and to society as a whole.

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Virtual pre-assembly for large steel structures based on BIM, PLP algorithm, and 3D measurement
Ying ZHOU, Wan WANG, Hanbin LUO, Yan ZHANG
Front. Eng.  2019, 6 (2): 207-220.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (1199KB)

The current physical pre-assembly method of large steel structures is time consuming and costly and requires large sites. Thus, the pre-assembly of large steel structures in a virtual way, starting from building information modeling (BIM), is an interesting alternative to the physical one. In this study, an innovative method for virtual pre-assembly is proposed on the basis of BIM, plane-line-point algorithm, and 3D measurement. This method determines the optimal analytical least squares of the various built components. The technique verifies the feasibility of the steel structure assembly and the fulfillment of the design geometries, starting from the real data obtained by an accurate metric survey of the fabricated steel elements. The method is applied to a real case, and obtained results largely satisfy the prefixed research objectives. Suggestions to improve the proposed method are also discussed.

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Quality Function Deployment Implementation in Construction: A Systematic Literature Review
Elizabeth A. Cudney,William L. Gillis
Front. Eng.  2016, 3 (3): 224-230.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (168KB)

The construction of new buildings represents a significant investment. The goal of new building construction is to maximize value and minimize cost while staying on time and within budget. Translating customer requirements into engineering terms for new construction design is vital for a construction project to be successful. Quality function deployment has been successfully used in product development to capture the voice of the customer and translate it into engineering characteristics. Quality function deployment then carries these parameters into production and service to ensure the voice of the customer is being met with the final product. The house of quality, a tool within quality function deployment, can provide a means for comparison of owner’s project requirements and the proposed design, along with identifying how the design decisions impact meeting customer requirements and green building requirements. Quality function deployment can effectively link the project phases through design and construction and into operations and maintenance to ensure the owner’s project requirements are met with the final building. This research identifies and categorizes studies of quality function deployment applications in construction. The research method used is a systematic literature review from databases related to quality function deployment in the construction industry published in the periodicals through 2016. The principal findings of implementations, practices, and integrated approaches are then summarized. This article intends to propel further research of quality function deployment in the construction sector.

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An Internet-of-Things Initiative for One Belt One Road (OBOR)
Li Da Xu
Front. Eng.  2016, 3 (3): 206-223.
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A wide range of industrial Internet of Things (IoT) applications have been developed and deployed in recent years. IoT has provided a promising opportunity to build powerful industrial systems and applications by leveraging the growing ubiquity of RFID, wireless, mobile and sensor devices. In an effort to understand the development of IoT in industries, this paper reviews the current research of IoT, key enabling technologies, major IoT applications in industries, and identifies research trends and challenges. As IoT has received support from governments and businesses across the globe, IoT will also greatly impact One Belt One Road (OBOR) in foreseeable future.

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Fully automatic container terminals of Shanghai Yangshan Port phase IV
Jack Xunjie LUO
Front. Eng.  2019, 6 (3): 457-462.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (2692KB)

Engineering Owner: Construction Headquarters of Yangshan Deep-water Port Phase IV Project of Shanghai International Shipping Center

Designer: CCCC Third Harbor Consultants Co., Ltd.

Civil Constructer: China State Construction Harbor Construction Co., Ltd.;

CCCC Third Harbor Engineering Co., Ltd.

Equipment Manufacturer: Shanghai Zhenhua Port Machinery Co., Ltd.

Software Developer and System Integrator: Shanghai Harbor e-Logistics Software Co., Ltd. of Shanghai International Port (Group) Co., Ltd.

Supervisor: Shanghai Far East Waterway Engineering Construction Supervision and Consultation Co., Ltd.;

Shanghai Donghua Construction Management Co., Ltd.;

Jinghua Engineering Supervision Co., Ltd. under CCCC Water Transportation Consultants Co., Ltd.

Operator: Shangdong Branch, Shanghai International Port (Group) Co., Ltd.

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A review of sustainability metrics for the construction and operation of airport and roadway infrastructure
Front. Eng.  2019, 6 (3): 433-452.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (419KB)

Sustainability has become increasingly important, however, relatively little attention has focused on metrics for the construction and operation of airport and roadway infrastructure. Most attention has focused on buildings, with high profile BREEAM and LEED projects taking center stage. Sustainability is also important in airport and roadway infrastructure projects, which have significant public impact but have a much lower profile than vertical construction when it comes to sustainability. Sustainable infrastructure is important in China and India where new infrastructure is under construction to meet growing and developing economies, and in the US, where infrastructure is in substandard condition and requires reconstruction. The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview and discussion of sustainability rating systems for airport and roadway infrastructure, including both construction and operation. Specific projects that highlight both proven and innovative sustainable practices are included to illustrate the application of these concepts. Finally, the relationship between sustainable transportation infrastructure and resilient transportation infrastructure is addressed since resiliency is of growing interest and there is overlap between these concepts.

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Financing climate-resilient infrastructure: Determining risk, reward, and return on investment
Peter B. MEYER, Reimund SCHWARZE
Front. Eng.  2019, 6 (1): 117-127.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (746KB)

Urban infrastructure investment is needed for both, mitigation of climate risks and improved urban resiliency. Financing them requires the translation of those benefits into measurable returns on investment in the context of emerging risks that capital markets can understand and appreciate. This paper develops a generic framework to identify what are the necessary and sufficient factors to economically favor climate-change resilient infrastructure in private investment decisions. We specifically demonstrate that carbon pricing alone will not generate the needed will, because market prices at present systematically fail to account for climate change risks such as the costs of stranded assets and the national and local co-benefits of investments in climate resiliency. Carbon pricing is necessary, but not sufficient for an enhanced private financing of climate-resilient infrastructure. The Paris Agreement and other supra-local policies and actors including city networks can concretely help to generate the sufficient social and political will for investments into climate change mitigation and resiliency at the city level.

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Large-scale liquefied natural gas ships
Danping LOU, Yan LI
Front. Eng.  2020, 7 (3): 461-465.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (757KB)
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Establishing Profiles for Systems Engineering Standards: A Great Help for Companies to Manage Their Processes
Rui Xue,Claude Baron,Philippe Esteban,Qiang Zhang
Front. Eng.  2014, 1 (3): 297-303.
Abstract   PDF (910KB)

In this paper, we discuss how to establish profiles of system engineering standards for companies. To define an appropriate system engineering standard for a company, this paper presents a detailed comparison between the current releases of the main system engineering sta-ndards (ANSI/ EIA-632, ISO/IEC-15288 and IEEE-1220), and explains how to choose the most adapted one according to the company practices. When no standard completely corresponds, the paper illustrates how to elaborate a tailor-made standard on the basis of specific required characteristics of the company or of the project, following a multi-standard approach, leading to extend and adapt a sta-ndard by importing some elements from another.

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Innovation Ecosystem for Green Smart City Building in China
Jin Chen
Front. Eng.  2015, 2 (4): 325-330.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (942KB)

Green Smart City (GSC), is one of the new types of cities which integrates eco-concepts and information technologies. As GSC construction is a resource intensive process, it requires a large amount of knowledge, information, talent and capital. Thus, setting up an innovation ecosystem is an astute way to promote the construction of a GSC. This paper, based on the case study by the Insigma Group, tries to explore the rules of innovation ecosystem building for the construction of GSCs in China.

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The Mode of Urban Renewal Base on the Smart City Theory under the Background of New Urbanization
Yi-hua Mao,Hong-yu Li,Qin-rui Xu
Front. Eng.  2015, 2 (3): 261-265.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (287KB)

The Smart City, coordinated development of economy, ecology and society, is the future of cities. Urban renewal is an important way to build the Smart City. Based on the Smart City theory, the authors propose the “12345” model of urban renewal, which means developing a tailored proposal of the city and citizen, and building “one city management system, two supporting safeguard measures, three information infrastructure platforms, four urban management modes, and five application service systems.” The city will gain the ability of self-adjustment and self-improvement. Smart urban renewal model not only solves the problems of the city at this stage, but also promotes the all-round development of the city, and access to sustainable development.

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Impacts of building information modeling (BIM) implementation on design and construction performance: a resource dependence theory perspective
Dongping CAO, Heng LI, Guangbin WANG
Front. Eng.  2017, 4 (1): 20-34.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (462KB)

Drawing on resource dependence theory, this paper develops and empirically tests a model for understanding how the implementation of building information modeling (BIM) in construction projects impacts the performance of different project participating organizations through improving their interorganizational collaboration capabilities. Based on two sets of survey data collected from designers and general contractors in BIM-based construction projects in China, the results from partial least squares analysis and bootstrapping mediation test provide clear evidence that BIM-enabled capabilities of information sharing and collaborative decision-making as a whole play a significant role in determining BIM-enabled efficiency and effectiveness benefits for both designers and general contractors. The results further reveal that designers and general contractors benefit from project BIM implementation activities significantly non-equivalently, and that this non-equivalence closely relates to the different roles played by designers and general contractors in BIM-enabled interorganizational resource exchange processes. The findings validate the resource dependence theory perspective of BIM as a boundary spanning tool to manage interorganizational resource dependence in construction projects, and contribute to deepened understandings of how and why project participating organizations benefit differently from the implementation of interorganizational information technologies like BIM.

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Dong-ying Li: a Brief Biography
Zhu Peng,Guo-yue Yang
Front. Eng.  2015, 2 (2): 193-194.
Abstract   HTML   PDF (128KB)
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