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Frontiers of Engineering Management

Front. Eng    2017, Vol. 4 Issue (2) : 146-155     https://doi.org/10.15302/J-FEM-2017007
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Overview and problems of BIM implementation in Japan
Takashi KANETA(), Shuzo FURUSAKA, Nisi DENG
Department of Architecture and Architectural Engineering, Graduate School of Engineering, Kyoto University, Kyoto 615-8540, Japan
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Abstract

This paper aims to overview Building Information Modeling (BIM) implementation and problems of BIM implementation in Japan. First, BIM implementation guidelines and pilot projects are introduced. Then, some popular BIM software together with typical implementation cases are provided. BIM implementation in Japan is not always encouraged via a top-down consensus in architectural firms and general contractors, as the client and architects can reduce the project risk inherent in design and drawings by transferring these tasks to a general contractor. The paper finally discusses the problems in project management to present a strategy to develop a new version of BIM that will provide value to all of the stakeholders of a project.

Keywords Building Information Modeling      general contractor      architect      drawing      procurement      project management     
Corresponding Authors: Takashi KANETA   
Just Accepted Date: 08 June 2017   Online First Date: 05 July 2017    Issue Date: 17 July 2017
 Cite this article:   
Takashi KANETA,Shuzo FURUSAKA,Nisi DENG. Overview and problems of BIM implementation in Japan[J]. Front. Eng, 2017, 4(2): 146-155.
 URL:  
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fem/EN/10.15302/J-FEM-2017007
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fem/EN/Y2017/V4/I2/146
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Articles by authors
Takashi KANETA
Shuzo FURUSAKA
Nisi DENG
Fig.1  Shinjuku Labors Federal Office Building (Government Building Department, 2014b)
Fig.2  Shizuoka Regional Legal Office Fujieda Branch (Government Building Department, 2014c)
Fig.3  Maebashi Regional Federal Office (Building Government Building Department, 2014d)
Fig.4  New Sukagawa City Hall (http://www.city.sukagawa.fukushima.jp/6220.htm)
DisciplineBIM SoftwareVendorAreaBIM SoftwareVendor
ConceptTP-PLANNERCOMMUNICATION S.ArchitecturalRevit ArchitectureAutodesk
Structural
analysis
SS3(SS7)UNION SYSTEMDesignARCHICADGraphisoft
BUS-5KOZO SYSTEMGLOOBEFUKUI COMPUTER
SEIN LA CREANTT-FVectorworksA&A
BRAINTIS (Takenaka)BuildingCADWe’llTfasDAITEC
Structural
design
Revit StructureAutodeskServicesREBRONYK SYSTEMS
Tekla StructureTeklaDesignDRAFTSYSPRO
SIRCADSoftware CenterCADEWAYondenko
SteelSkeleTONCALTECSurveyHELIOSNisseki Survey
ConstructionJ-BIM Working
Drawing CAD
FUKUI COMPUTEREnvironmentSAVE ArchitectureArchi-pivot
Tab.1  BIM?software commonly used in Japan
Benefits of time savings
1) direct data transaction- Analysis of the sunshine and shade
- Data transaction with wind simulation
2) big data processing- High-performance computing at Autodesk’s cloud supercomputer
- Large data processing, such as urban modeling
3) complex parameters- Study of a complex design with a 3D printer
4) beyond quantitative analysis- Solve the gap between human impression and quantitative analysis,?e.g., lighting design in an EV?hall
Benefits of the utilization of information
1) exclusive output by BIM- Rooms in the plan painted with colors, auto-generated from the attributes of BIM
- Painted parts and elements can be integrated with a quantity survey
2) 3D?BIM?transaction- Capture the shape analyzed in a 3D modeling tool preserved to?BIM
3) parametric design- Solid shape changed locally by controlling parameters
- Panel allocation is automatically calculated and optimized, reducing the number of curved panels
4) facility management
?
- Routine tasks can be automated by setting repeat workflows
e.g., Creating a perspective, integration of architectural and structural design (design of the dome, etc.)
- Reuse of the furniture data embedded in the design phase
- Determination of the specifications in the design phase
Tab.2  Case study in a large architectural firm (Iwamura, 2016)
Fig.5  Status and role of the BIM Manager
Fig.6  Guideline for Collaboration between General Contractors and Subcontractors (http://www.nikkenren.com/publication/detail.html?ci=200)
1 Booch G (1994). Object-oriented Analysis and Design with Applications San Francisco: Benjamin/Cummings Publishing Company.
2 Government Building Department (2014a). Utilizing BIM in Public Building Projects.
3 Government Building Department (2014b). BIM Pilot Project “Shinjuku Labors Federal Office Building”.
4 Government Building Department (2014c). BIM Pilot Project “Shizuoka Regional Legal Office Fujieda Branch”.
5 Government Building Department (2014d). BIM Pilot Project “Maebashi Regional Federal Office Building”.
6 Iwamura M (2016). BIM changes architecture. In: Nikkei Architecture Journal 40 Anniversary Symposium. Tokyo, 2016-5-20
7 120 year history of Architectural Institute of China. Journal of Architecture and Building Science,  122:1556
8 Nakajima J (2016). Where BIM is going now? Kansai Chapter meeting lecture, Construction Management Association of Japan, Osaka
9 Sone H, Nagao M, Toma K, Fujii H, Tsunakawa T, Matsuba H, Kayashima T (2005). Cost estimate and possibility of cost control due to production design using 3D-CAD in production design. In: Proceedings of 20th Symposium on Building Construction and Management of Projects, Architectural Institute of Japan, 333–338 (in Japanese)
10 The Ministry of Land Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism (2014). Drawing up BIM Guideline and putting it in effect.
11 Yamamoto N, Sawada T, Imanishi K, Watanabe M, Watanabe J, Ueno S (1996). Development of material transportation managing system – a management of material transportation using personal computer. In: Proceedings of 12th Symposium on Organization and Management of Building Construction, Architectural Institute of Japan, 233–238 (in Japanese)
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