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Frontiers of Economics in China

Front. Econ. China    2014, Vol. 9 Issue (2) : 216-239
Intermediate Inputs and External Economies
Haiwen Zhou()
Department of Economics, Old Dominion University, Norfolk, VA 23529, USA
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Is the degree of external economies (at the industry level) higher than the degree of internal increasing returns (at the firm level)? If so, what is the exact source of this difference? In the general equilibrium model in which firms producing final goods choose the degree of specialization of their technologies, external economies arise from the usage of intermediate inputs and the existence of internal increasing returns. It is frequently assumed that increasing returns are absent at the firm level while present at the industry level. In this model, the existence of increasing returns at the firm level is necessary for the existence of external economies at the industry level. We show that the degree of external economies increases with the level of linkage effects. However, a higher linkage effect does not always lead firms to choose more specialized technologies.

Keywords external economies      internal increasing returns      linkage effects      choice of technology      oligopolistic competition     
Issue Date: 04 July 2014
 Cite this article:   
Haiwen Zhou. Intermediate Inputs and External Economies[J]. Front. Econ. China, 2014, 9(2): 216-239.
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