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Frontiers of Economics in China

Front Econ Chin    2012, Vol. 7 Issue (2) : 305-337
Changes in Job Structure and Rising Wage Inequality in Urban China, 1995-2007
Chunbing Xing()
School of Economics and Business Administration, Beijing Normal University, Beijing 100875, China
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We use household surveys from 1995, 2002, and 2007 to examine how changes in job structure contributed to China’s rising urban wage inequality, considering three job characteristics: occupation, industry, and firm ownership. The explanatory power of job structure for wage inequality increased between 1995 and 2007. Both the change in relative number of jobs (composition effect) and the change in between-job and within-job wage gaps (price effect) contributed to rising wage inequality. Price effect was the major contributor, whereas composition effect played a larger role in the 1995–2002 period than in the 2002–2007 period, and at the lower-half distribution. Between-job inequality played a major role in the first period, and within-job inequality played a major role in the second period. Our results suggest that both technological change and institutional features influence job structure and wage inequality.

Keywords job structure      wage inequality      urban China      decomposition     
Corresponding Author(s): Chunbing Xing,   
Issue Date: 05 June 2012
 Cite this article:   
Chunbing Xing. Changes in Job Structure and Rising Wage Inequality in Urban China, 1995-2007[J]. Front Econ Chin, 2012, 7(2): 305-337.
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