Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering

ISSN 2095-0179 (Print)
ISSN 2095-0187 (Online)
CN 11-5981/TQ
Postal Subscription Code 80-969
Formerly Known as Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering in China
2018 Impact Factor: 2.809
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Tailoring electrical conductivity of two dimensional nanomaterials using plasma for edge electronics: A mini review
Aswathy Vasudevan, Vasyl Shvalya, Aleksander Zidanšek, Uroš Cvelbar
Front. Chem. Sci. Eng.    2019, 13 (3): 427-443.   https://doi.org/10.1007/s11705-019-1805-4
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Since graphene has been discovered, two-dimensional nanomaterials have attracted attention due to their promising tunable electronic properties. The possibility of tailoring electrical conductivity at the atomic level allows creating new prospective 2D structures for energy harvesting and sensing-related applications. In this respect, one of the most successful way to manipulate the physical properties of the aforementioned materials is related to the surface modification techniques employing plasma. Moreover, plasma-gaseous chemical treatment can provide a controlled change in the bandgap, increase sensitivity and significantly improve the structural stability of material to the environment as well. This review deals with recent advances in the modification of 2D carbon nanostructures for novel ‘edge’ electronics using plasma technology and processes.

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Special Issue on future directions in plasma nanoscience
Erik C. Neyts
Front. Chem. Sci. Eng.    2019, 13 (2): 199-200.   https://doi.org/10.1007/s11705-019-1843-y
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Nanocomposite materials in orthopedic applications
Mostafa R. Shirdar, Nasim Farajpour, Reza Shahbazian-Yassar, Tolou Shokuhfar
Front. Chem. Sci. Eng.    2019, 13 (1): 1-13.   https://doi.org/10.1007/s11705-018-1764-1
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This chapter is an introduction to nanocomposite materials and its classifications with emphasis on orthopedic application. It covers different types of matrix nanocomposites including ceramics, metal, polymer and natural-based nanocomposites with the main features and applications in the orthopedic. In addition, it presents structure, composition, and biomechanical features of bone as a natural nanocomposite. Finally, it deliberately presents developing methods for nanocomposites bone grafting.

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Steps of fronts in chemical engineering: An overview of the publications of FCSE
Xiaowen Zhu, Yaodong Huang, Jing-Kang Wang
Front. Chem. Sci. Eng.    2018, 12 (4): 593-597.   https://doi.org/10.1007/s11705-018-1789-5
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The advances of Sino-German new materials
Rongbiao Wang
Front. Chem. Sci. Eng.    2018, 12 (3): 327-328.   https://doi.org/10.1007/s11705-018-1748-1
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Study of the robustness of a low-temperature dual-pressure process for removal of CO2 from natural gas
Stefania Moioli, Laura A. Pellegrini, Paolo Vergani, Fabio Brignoli
Front. Chem. Sci. Eng.    2018, 12 (2): 209-225.   https://doi.org/10.1007/s11705-017-1688-1
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The growing use of energy by most of world population and the consequent increasing demand for energy are making unexploited low quality gas reserves interesting from an industrial point of view. To meet the required specifications for a natural gas grid, some compounds need to be removed from the sour stream. Because of the high content of undesired compounds (i.e., CO2) in the stream to be treated, traditional purification processes may be too energy intensive and the overall system may result unprofitable, therefore new technologies are under study. In this work, a new process for the purification of natural gas based on a low temperature distillation has been studied, focusing on the dynamics of the system. The robustness of the process has been studied by dynamic simulation of an industrial-scale plant, with particular regard to the performances when operating conditions are changed. The results show that the process can obtain the methane product with a high purity and avoid the solidification of carbon dioxide.

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Frontiers of Catalysis Chemistry and Technology
Front. Chem. Sci. Eng.    2018, 12 (1): 1-2.   https://doi.org/10.1007/s11705-018-1704-0
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Cited: WebOfScience(6)
Enzyme-instructed self-assembly of peptides containing phosphoserine to form supramolecular hydrogels as potential soft biomaterials
Jie Zhou, Xuewen Du, Jiaqing Wang, Natsuko Yamagata, Bing Xu
Front. Chem. Sci. Eng.    2017, 11 (4): 509-515.   https://doi.org/10.1007/s11705-017-1613-7
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Enzyme-instructed self-assembly (EISA) offers a facile approach to explore the supramolecular assemblies of small molecules in cellular milieu for a variety of biomedical applications. One of the commonly used enzymes is phosphatase, but the study of the substrates of phosphatases mainly focuses on the phosphotyrosine containing peptides. In this work, we examine the EISA of phosphoserine containing small peptides for the first time by designing and synthesizing a series of precursors containing only phosphoserine or both phosphoserine and phosphotyrosine. Conjugating a phosphoserine to the C-terminal of a well-established self-assembling peptide backbone, (naphthalene-2-ly)-acetyl-diphenylalanine (NapFF), affords a novel hydrogelation precursor for EISA. The incorporation of phosphotyrosine, another substrate of phosphatase, into the resulting precursor, provides one more enzymatic trigger on a single molecule, and meanwhile increases the precursors’ propensity to aggregate after being fully dephosphorylated. Exchanging the positions of phosphorylated serine and tyrosine in the peptide backbone provides insights on how the specific molecular structures influence self-assembling behaviors of small peptides and the subsequent cellular responses. Moreover, the utilization of D-amino acids largely enhances the biostability of the peptides, thus providing a unique soft material for potential biomedical applications.

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Cited: Crossref(6) WebOfScience(4)
Special Topic on environment and sustainable development
Front. Chem. Sci. Eng.    2017, 11 (3): 291-292.   https://doi.org/10.1007/s11705-017-1667-6
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A mini review: Shape memory polymers for biomedical applications
Kaojin Wang, Satu Strandman, X. X. Zhu
Front. Chem. Sci. Eng.    2017, 11 (2): 143-153.   https://doi.org/10.1007/s11705-017-1632-4
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Shape memory polymers (SMPs) are smart materials that can change their shape in a pre-defined manner under a stimulus. The shape memory functionality has gained considerable interest for biomedical applications, which require materials that are biocompatible and sometimes biodegradable. There is a need for SMPs that are prepared from renewable sources to be used as substitutes for conventional SMPs. In this paper, advances in SMPs based on synthetic monomers and bio-compounds are discussed. Materials designed for biomedical applications are highlighted.

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Cited: Crossref(31) WebOfScience(27)
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