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Frontiers of Agricultural Science and Engineering

Front. Agr. Sci. Eng.    2018, Vol. 5 Issue (3) : 301-311     https://doi.org/10.15302/J-FASE-2018207
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Antimicrobial use in food animal production: situation analysis and contributing factors
Ziping WU()
Agri-Food & Biosciences Institute, Belfast BT9 5PX, Northern Ireland
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Abstract

By measuring the quantity and ways in which antimicrobials are used, and reviewing different technical and socioeconomic factors influencing antimicrobial use at farm level, this study discusses the main knowledge gaps in antimicrobial use in food animal production and provides recommendations for future research and policy development. The review reveals that antimicrobial use in food animals exhibit strong regional and species differences, and there are still large information gaps concerning the current state of antimicrobial use. Factors associated with animal health (including antimicrobial resistance), animal health improvement, economic costs and benefits relevant to animal diseases, and potential technological alternatives or alternative systems all have an impact on antimicrobial use on the farm. There is a clear need to resolve the data gap by monitoring antimicrobial use and developing an analytical framework to better understand farmer behaviors under different technical, economic and environmental circumstances.

Keywords antimicrobial use      drivers for antimicrobial use      food animal production     
Corresponding Authors: Ziping WU   
Just Accepted Date: 15 March 2018   Online First Date: 09 April 2018    Issue Date: 31 July 2018
 Cite this article:   
Ziping WU. Antimicrobial use in food animal production: situation analysis and contributing factors[J]. Front. Agr. Sci. Eng. , 2018, 5(3): 301-311.
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http://journal.hep.com.cn/fase/EN/10.15302/J-FASE-2018207
http://journal.hep.com.cn/fase/EN/Y2018/V5/I3/301
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Ziping WU
Country Year Pig Broiler Cattle Multi-species average
Austria?[19] 2010 26.1 62.9
Denmark[11] 2014 48.0 13.0 32.0 44.2
France[13?] 2014 152.0? 151.0? 56.0 107.0?
Netherlands[13?] 2015 53.0 45.0 83.0 64.4
Sweden[14]? 2014 12.3 11.5
UK[17] 2016 183.0? 17.0 26.0 45.0
World[2] 2010 103.6? 112.9? 24.8 ?
Tab.1  Annual antimicrobial use (mg·kg1) in selected species of different countries
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